Marble and tranix mines of North and South Abiazen

Location: 130 km north of Isfahan

Stone type: marble, travonex

Stone color: green, yellow and wood

Apparent specific gravity: 2.67 tons per cubic meter

Moisture absorption coefficient: 0.85%

Pressure resistance: 840 kg/cm2

Extraction method: mechanized (diamond wire-cutting machine)


The main ore constituting the North and South Abiazen is calcite, which contains a few percent of typical metamorphic ores, of which the major non-silicate types are quartz, hematite, limonite, and pyrite, and the types of its silicate ores are mica, chlorite, tremolite, Wollastonite , diopside and hornblende, which do not have a different reaction to polishing due to their very low amount of dolomite (MgO percentage of 0.1). Its resistance to weathering is also desirable.

Due to the texture and composition of the rock in this area, the solubility in its free surfaces is very low, so, degradation is not effective and remains unchanged in most areas.

The mentioned travonex and marbles can be seen in streaked, striped, spotted or wavy shapes and have very good transparency, so, the light passes through them well when plates with a thickness of 15 to 35 mm are prepared.

The softness of this mineral is a good trait that allows it to be easily worked on and less cost is incurred when extracting or paying for it.

travonexes and marbles in this area have very low porosity due to the interference and locking of crystallized beads and occupy about 0.0002 to 0.5% of the rock volume, so it is not able to absorb much water and is more resistant to freezing.